Main Article Content
In this study, the effects of the consumption of Cocos nucifera L. water and oil on the haematological parameters of apparently healthy wistar albino rats were investigated using standard methods. The albino rats (n= 100) were divided into 8 groups (A-H) of 12 rats each while the remaining four rats were put in another group to serve as control. The first four groups(A-D) were daily orogastrically administered different volumes of coconut oil, 0.5 ml, 1.0 ml, 1.5 ml, 2.0 ml respectively for 4 weeks while groups E-H were daily orogastrically administered different volumes of coconut water, 0.5 ml, 1.0 ml, 1.5 ml, 2.0 ml respectively for four weeks. The control rats (Group l) however were not administered either coconut water or coconut oil. All the rats were allowed free access to rat chow and water. The administration of either of the coconut water or oil caused a significant increase (p≤0.05) in the PCV, WBC and the differential leukocytes counts within the four weeks of this study with coconut water having higher effect. It is conceivable that the consumption of either coconut water or coconut oil could exert both hematinic and immuno-stimulatory effects in the consumers to checkmate low PCV and also boost innate immunity.
Kathiravan T, Kumar R, Lakshmana JH. Pulsed electric field processing of functional drink based on tender coconut water (Cocos nucifera L.) (Hemidesmus indicus) blended beverage/Croat. Journal of Food Science Technology. 2014;6(2): 84–96.
Adolf KA, Edna DD, Rebecca A. Potential bacterial health risk posed to consumers of fresh coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) water. Food and Nutrition Sciences. 2012; 3:1136–1143.
Lima EBC, Sousa CNS, Meneses LN, Ximenes NC, Santos Júnior MA, Vasconcelos GS. Cocos nucifera L. Arecaceae: A phytochemical and pharmacological review. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 2015;48(11):953–964.
St-Onge MP, Mayrsohn B, O’Keefe M, Kissileff HR, Choudhury AR, Laferrere B. Impact of medium and long chain triglycerides consumption on appetite and food intake in overweight men. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2014;68(10): 1134-1140.
Nwangwa EK, Chukwuemeka PA. Regenerative effects of coconut water and coconut milk on the pancreatic B-cells and Cyto-architecture in alloxan induced diabetic wistar albino rats. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2011;1(3):137-146.
Zakaria ZA, Somchit MN, Mat-Jais AM, The LK, Salleh MZ, Long K. In-vivo action-inceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of dried and fermented processed virgin coconut oil. Medical principles and Practice. 2011;20(3):231-236.
Kalman DS, Feldman S, Krieger DR, Bloomer RJ. Comparison of coconut water and a carbohydrate electrolyte sport drink on measures of hydration and physical performance in exercise-trained men. Journal of the Inter- national Society of Sports Medicine. 2012;9:1-5.
Eyres L, Eyres MF, Chisholm A. Coconut: Consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in humans. Nutrition Review. 2016;74(4):267-280.
Ezema C, Igbokwe C, Omeke C. Effect of probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisae) on haematological parameters of rabbits. Proceeding of the 33rd Annual Conference of NSAP, March 16-20, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria; 2008.